Malat-1-PRC2-EZH1 interaction supports adaptive oxidative stress-dependent epigenome remodeling in skeletal myotubes

by Nadine Hosny El Said, Francesco Della Valle, Peng Liu, Andreu Paytuví-Gallart, Sabir Adroub, Juliette Gimenez & Valerio Orlando
Year: 2021 DOI: 10.1038/s41419-021-04082-z


The PRC2-mediated epigenetic function involves the interaction with long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). Although the identity of some of these RNAs has been elucidated in the context of developmental programs, their counterparts in postmitotic adult tissue homeostasis remain uncharacterized. To this aim, we used terminally differentiated postmitotic skeletal muscle cells in which oxidative stress induces the dynamic activation of PRC2-Ezh1 through Embryonic Ectoderm Development (EED) shuttling to the nucleus. We identify lncRNA Malat-1 as a necessary partner for PRC2-Ezh1-dependent response to oxidative stress. We show that in this pathway, PRC2-EZH1 dynamic assembly, and in turn stress-induced skeletal muscle targeted genes repression, depends specifically on Malat-1. Our study reports about PRC2-RNA interactions in the physiological context of adaptive oxidative stress response and identifies the first lncRNA involved in PRC2-Ezh1 function.